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中国和菲律宾少年的自杀意念现状及相关因素
  • 摘要

    目的:比较中国与菲律宾两国少年自杀意念的发生现状及其相关因素。方法:资料来源于由世界卫生组织发起的全球学校健康调查数据中的中国与菲律宾两国的数据资料。分别通过问卷调查的方式了解中国9173名和菲律宾7338名年龄为11~16岁少年的受伤、受欺负、孤独感、失眠、绝望、有无好友、吸烟、饮酒、吸毒和运动等情况,并将在过去12个月里曾认真想过自杀者认定为有自杀意念,没有认真想过自杀者为没有自杀意念。结果:中国、菲律宾的少年自杀意念发生率分别为17.4%(1544/8881)和19.3%(1371/7089)。多因素分析显示,中国少年女性(OR =1.45)、初中二、三年级(OR =1.30、OR =1.43)、受过严重的伤(OR =1.35)、受欺负(OR =1.87)、有孤独感(OR =1.47)、失眠(OR =1.55)、绝望感(OR =3.36)、饮酒(OR =1.45)及吸毒(OR =1.55)是自杀意念的危险因素,有要好朋友(OR =0.66)、经常运动(OR =0.78)则是保护因素。在菲律宾少年中,女性、年级、孤独感、失眠、吸毒都不是危险因素,而受过严重的伤、受欺负、绝望感、饮酒、有要好朋友、经常运动是危险或保护因素。结论:本研究提示中国少年自杀意念发生率低于菲律宾少年,且两国相关因素类似,但中国的危险因素偏多。因此,两国的自杀预防工作应各自采取有针对性的干预措施。

  • 作者

    秦瑞  赵玉遂  方乐  俞敏  QIN Rui  ZHAO Yu-Sui  FANG Le  YU Min 

  • 作者单位

    宁波大学医学院,浙江宁波,315211/浙江省疾病预防控制中心,杭州,310051

  • 刊期

    2015年3期 ISTIC PKU CSSCI

  • 关键词

    自杀意念  相关因素  中国  菲律宾  现况调查  suicidal ideation  risk factors  China  Philippine  cross-sectional studies 

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