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大学新生的自杀意念与抑郁情绪、希望特质
  • 摘要

    目的:探讨大学新生自杀意念的检出率,以及与抑郁情绪、希望特质之间的关系.方法:选取某大学一年级全部新生4372名,采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)第15项评估自杀意念,采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)、希望量表(DHS)评估抑郁症状和希望特质.收回有效问卷4211份.结果:大学新生自杀意念发生率为4.5%( 189/4211),女生自杀意念率高于男生(6.7%vs.3.7%,P<0.05).有自杀意念学生的SDS得分高于无自杀意念者[(42.0±7.3) vs. (34.2±6.3),P<0.05],DHS得分低于无自杀意念者[(43.6±8.8) vs. (49.8±8.1),P<0.05].SDS得分越高,越容易产生自杀意念(OR=1.15,P<0.01);而DHS得分越高,自杀意念产生的可能性越小(OR=0.95,P<0.05).结论:本研究发现提示大学新生自杀意念的产生可能与抑郁情绪相关,而希望特质可能是保护因素,对有自杀意念的大学生应重视抑郁情绪的评估.

  • 作者

    安静  孙启武  郭兰  童永胜  张亚利  李献云  黄悦勤  AN Jing  SUN Qi-Wu  GUO Lan  TONG Yong-Sheng  ZHANG Ya-Li  LI Xian-Yun  HUANG Yue-Qin 

  • 作者单位

    北京回龙观医院北京心理危机研究与干预中心,世界卫生组织心理危机预防研究与培训合作中心,北京100096/华中师范大学心理学院,武汉,430079/中国地质大学(武汉)马克思主义学院应用心理学研究所,武汉,430074/北京大学精神卫生研究所,卫生部精神卫生学重点实验室(北京大学),北京100191

  • 刊期

    2012年8期 ISTIC PKU CSSCI

  • 关键词

    希望  自杀意念  抑郁情绪  大学新生 

参考文献
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