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大学生的归因方式及灵活性与心理健康
  • 摘要

    目的:探讨大学生的归因方式及灵活性与心理健康的关系,为大学生心理健康教育提供依据.方法:采用方便取样,选取山东省某大学279名在读大学生,运用自评抑郁量表(SDS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)、正性负性情绪量表(PANAS)、乐观量表(LOT-R)及归因方式问卷(ASQ)对心理健康状况、归因方式及灵活性进行调查.结果:不同性别大学生在ASQ的正性事件普遍维度和负性事件的内外维度上以及归因灵活性得分上差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05),男生得分均高于女生.正性事件内外维度及归因灵活性得分与SDS、SAS及PANAS负性情绪得分均呈负相关(r=-0.42~-0.14,P<0.05或0.01),与PANAS正性情绪和LOT-R得分均呈正相关(r=0.20~0.31,P<0.01);负性事件内外维度得分与SDS、SAS及PANAS负性情绪得分呈正相关(r=0.38、0.26、0.33,均P<0.01),与PANAS正性情绪和LOTR得分呈负相关(r=-0.17、-0.29,均P<0.01).回归分析表明,正性事件内外维度与抑郁相关(β=- 1.42,P<0.05),归因灵活性与抑郁、焦虑、负性情绪、正性情绪及乐观度相关(β=-6.12、-5.49、-1.84、2.49、1.67;P<0.05或0.01),负性事件内外维度与抑郁、焦虑、负性情绪、正性情绪及乐观度相关(β=4.72、3.09、2.63、-1.45、-1.17; P<0.01).结论:倾向于把正性事件归因为外在的和暂时的、把负性事件的原因归结为内在的、持续的和普遍的个体会体验到较高的抑郁和焦虑情绪;倾向于把正性事件的原因归结为内在的和持久的、把负性事件归因为外在的和暂时的个体会体验到较高的正性情绪,有着较高的乐观水平;归因灵活性得分低的个体抑郁、焦虑情绪较高,正性情绪、乐观度水平较低.

  • 作者

    祁珍华  陈瑨  江虹  张红静  QI Zhen-Hua  CHEN Jin  JIANG Hong  ZHANG Hong-Jing 

  • 作者单位

    山东大学医学院医学心理研究所,济南,250012

  • 刊期

    2012年4期 ISTIC PKU CSSCI

  • 关键词

    大学生  归因方式  归因灵活性  心理健康  横断面调查 

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