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Beck自杀意念量表中文版在社区成年人群中应用的信效度
  • 摘要

    目的:评估Beck自杀意念量表中文版(Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation-Chinese Version,BSI-CV)在国内社区成年人群中的应用情况.方法:选定天津市区(城市)和山东省莱芜市莱城区(农村)作为调查现场,采用多阶段分层随机抽样方法抽取≥18岁的社区居民,由受过培训的调查员使用包含BSI-CV[评估最近1周及最消沉、最忧郁或自杀倾向最严重时(简称最严重时)的状况]在内的调查表进行一对一入户调查.569例城市居民和603例农村居民完成首次调查,以评估量表的内部一致性和效度;在首次调查后第5~8天,对调查前期完成首次调查的256例城市受试和504例农村受试依次进行了重测,以检验量表的重测一致性.结果:(1)量表的内部一致性.首次调查全部受试最近1周和最严重时量表总分的Cronbach α值分别为0.68和0.87,城市受试0.72和0.84,农村受试0.57和0.88.(2)量表的重测一致性.最近一周和最严重时量表总分的ICC全部受试为0.64和0.76,城市受试0.84和0.76,农村受试0.39和0.76.(3)量表的效度.首次调查有自杀未遂史者(N=12)最严重时BSI-CV总分高于无自杀未遂史者(N=1146)[( 9.75±9.79)vs.(0.86±3.17),P<0.001],但两组最近一周BSI-CV总分差异无统计学意义[(0.42±0.79)vs.(0.14±0.78),P=0.057].结论:Beck自杀意念量表中文版在国内社区成年人群中应用的信效度较好,特别是最消沉、最忧郁或自杀倾向最严重时的状况评分.

  • 作者

    李献云  费立鹏  童永胜  李可进  张亚利  张艳萍  徐东  牛雅娟  LI Xian-Yun  PHILLIPS Michael R  TONG Yong-Sheng  LI Ke-Jin  ZHANG Ya-Li  ZHANG Yan-Ping  XU Dong  NIU Ya-Juan 

  • 作者单位

    北京回龙观医院,北京心理危机研究与干预中心,WHO心理危机预防研究与培训合作中心,北京,100096

  • 刊期

    2010年4期 ISTIC PKU CSSCI

  • 关键词

    量表  自杀意念  信度  效度  社区人群  现况调查 

参考文献
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