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宠物与儿童社会情绪的关系
  • 摘要

    目的:研究宠物对儿童社会情绪的影响.方法:用自编问卷对197名养宠物犬的儿童及其家长和205名不养宠物的儿童及其家长进行调查.结果:养宠物犬的儿童与不养宠物的儿童在社会情绪三个指标上的差异有统计学显著性:相比不养宠物的儿童,养宠物犬的儿童孤独感更少(χ2=39.15,P<0.001),其报告单独在家感到孤独的占12.0%,不感到孤独的占80.2%,而不养宠物的儿童分别为38.7%、52.2%;养宠物犬的儿童分享倾向更强(χ2=8.20,P=0.017),其报告非常愿意和他人分享的占82.2%,只和喜欢的人分享的占14.7%,不愿意分享的占3.1%,而不养宠物的儿童分别为72.8%、25.7%、1.5%;养宠物犬的儿童更愿意照顾幼小儿童(χ2=25.88,P<0.001),其报告非常愿意照顾他人的占40.1%,愿意的占49.7%,不愿意的占10.2%,而不养宠物的儿童分别为23.7%、47.4%、28.9%.此外,儿童与宠物亲密程度的诸多指标与分享倾向及照顾幼小儿童倾向正相关(r=0.17~0.35,P<0.05或P<0.01或P<0.001),与孤单感倾向负相关(r=-0.20~-0.23,P均<0.01).结论:宠物与儿童社会情绪的发展之间存在某种联系,值得重视,应进行更深入的研究.

  • 作者

    周霞  郑日昌  傅纳  ZHOU Xia  ZHENG Ri-Chang  FU Na 

  • 作者单位

    北京师范大学心理学院,北京,100875/北京师范大学教育学院,北京,100875

  • 刊期

    2007年11期 ISTIC PKU CSSCI

  • 关键词

    儿童心理  社会情绪  横断面调查  宠物 

参考文献
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