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长跑运动员最大力量训练的设计及其对跑步经济性的影响
  • 摘要

    目的:结合长跑运动员常规耐力训练情况,设计最大力量训练方案,并通过对比力量训练前后有氧机能、力量素质以及跑步经济性等指标的变化情况,评定力量训练方案的有效性.方法:19名男子长跑运动员被随机分为实验组(n=10)和对照组(n=9).除在实验前完成5 000 m跑测试外,受试者还需在6周实验前、后分别完成形态测试、递增负荷测试、恒定负荷测试及力量测试.结果:实验前、后,两组受试者的体重、骨骼肌质量及最大耗氧量(VO2 max)未发生明显改变(P>0.05);两组受试者的无氧阈(AT)均显著提高(P>0.05),但增幅无显著差异(P<0.05);对照组的VO max跑速、最大力量、发力率及跑步经济性变化不明显(P>0.05),而实验组不但有显著或非常显著的提高(P<0.05,P<0.01),且增幅也不同程度地显著高于对照组(P<0.05,P<0.01);实验组跑步经济性的改善与最大力量的提高存在显著的相关关系(r=-0.63,P<0.05).结论:每周3次,共持续6周,约占耐力训练总量1/10的负重半蹲最大力量训练,并不会影响长跑运动员有氧机能的发展,且可有效增强神经肌肉功能,改善跑步经济性.

  • 作者

    薛锋  陈庆果  张健  XUE Feng  CHEN Qing-guo  ZHANG Jian 

  • 作者单位

    西北民族大学体育学院,甘肃兰州,730124/四川师范大学体育学院,四川成都,610066

  • 刊期

    2014年3期 PKU CSSCI

  • 关键词

    长跑运动员  最大力量训练  神经肌肉功能  跑步经济性 

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