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儿童期社交退缩的亚类型及与社会适应的关系
  • 摘要

    对20世纪80年代以来有关儿童期社交退缩的研究进行了综述,包括社交退缩的概念、研究方法、亚类型以及不同类型社交退缩行为与儿童社会适应之间的关系.对社交退缩的概念进行了总结,指出社交退缩包括安静退缩、活跃退缩和焦虑退缩3种亚类型,其中安静退缩在儿童中后期与社会适应的关系较为紧密,活跃退缩在整个儿童期都与社会适应水平负向联系,而焦虑退缩与社会适应之间的关系具有情境性的特点,只有熟悉情境下的焦虑退缩行为才与社会适应具有负向联系.最后,文章指出了现有研究的不足和今后的研究方向.

  • 作者

    孙铃  陈会昌  单玲 

  • 作者单位

    北京师范大学心理学院发展心理研究所,北京,100875

  • 刊期

    2004年3期 PKU CSSCI

  • 关键词

    社交退缩  儿童期  亚类型  社会适应 

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