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Greenwald提出的内隐联想测验介绍
  • 摘要

    内隐联想测验(Implicit Association Test,简称IAT)是Greenwald等于1998年提出的一种新的内隐社会认知的研究方法,其采用的是一种计算机化的辨别分类任务,以反应时为指标,通过对概念词和属性词之间的自动化联系的评估进而来对个体的内隐态度等进行间接测量.该文先对内隐联想测验的由来、原理进行了介绍,再从性能及应用两方面对已有的相关研究进行了归纳、整理和论述.最后,通过分析指出该方法符合现代心理测量学的最新发展方向,将有着强大的生命力.

  • 作者

    蔡华俭 

  • 作者单位

    华东师范大学心理系,上海,200062

  • 刊期

    2003年3期 PKU CSSCI

  • 关键词

    内隐联想测验(IAT)  内隐态度  概念词  属性词 

参考文献
  • [1] 蔡华俭,杨治良. 大学生性别自我概念的结构. 心理学报, 2002,2
  • [2] Greenwald A G;McGhee E;Schwartz J L K. Measuring Individual Differences in Implicit Cognition: The Implicit Association Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998,05
  • [3] Cunningham W A;Preacher K J;Banaji M R. Implicit Attitude Measures: Consistency, Stability, and Convergent Validity. Psychological Science, 2001,02
  • [4] Jan De Houwer. A Structural and Process Analysis of the Implicit Association Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2001
  • [5] Rudman L A;Greenwald A G;Mellott D S;Schwart J L K. Measuring the automatic components of prejudice: Flexibility and generality of the implicit Association Test. Social Cognition, 1999
  • [6] 蔡华俭;周颖;史青海. 内隐联想测验及其在性别刻板印象研究中的应用. 社会心理研究, 2001,04
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  • [8] Frederiksen N;Robert J;Misley. Test Theory for a New Generation of Tests. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc, 1993
  • [9] Greenwald A G;Banaji M R. Implicit Social Cognition. Attitudes, Self-Esteem and Stereotypes. Psychological Review, 1995,01
  • [10] Farnham S D;Greenwald A G;Banaji M R. Implicit self-esteem. Blackwell Publishers Inc, 1999
  • [11] Greenwald A G;Klinger M R;Liu T J. Unoconcious processing of dichoptically masked words. Memory and Cognition, 1989
  • [12] Murphy S T;Zajoc R B. Affect ,cognition, and awareness: Affective priming with optimal and suboptimal stimulus exposures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1993
  • [13] Dasgupta N;McGhee D E;Greenwald A G;Banaji M R. Automatic preference for White Americans: Eliminating the familiarity explanation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2000
  • [14] McConnell A R;Leibold J M. Relations among the Implicit Association Test, Discriminatory Behavior, and Explicit Measures of Racial Attitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2001
  • [15] Greenwald A G;Farham S D. Using the Implicit Association Test to Measure Self-Esteem and Self-soncept. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2000,06
  • [16] Bosson J K;Swann W B Jr;Pennebaker J W. Stalking the Perfect Measure of Implicit Self-Esteem: The Blind and the Elephant Revisited?. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2000,04
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