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综合馆
模因论与社会语用
  • 摘要

    模因是文化信息单位,像基因那样得到继承,像病毒那样得到传播.它可以在人与人之间传染.由于散播模因的个人继续携带着模因,所以这种传染就理解为复制,即在另一个人的记忆里产生模因的复制件,使这个人成为模因宿主.这种不断扩展到整个群体的自我复制过程,正是模因与基因相似的进化现象.本文对模因作一个概述,同时对语言使用中的模因现象进行考察.第一部分介绍了模因论的由来及模因研究的不同观点,讨论了反对与支持模因论的一些不同见解.第二部分分析了语言中的模因现象,在对模因论的认识的基础上讨论了语言模因的仿制,特别分析了汉语语言仿制的四种类型:引用、移植、嫁接和词语变形.此外文章还具体介绍了在社会语用中模因的表现型所导致的语言感染.

  • 作者

    何自然  何雪林 

  • 作者单位

    510420,广东外语外贸大学,外国语言学及应用语言学研究中心/510420,广东外语外贸大学02级博;350007,福建师大外语系

  • 刊期

    2003年2期 PKU CSSCI

  • 关键词

    模因  基因  文化进化  复制  模仿  社会语用 

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