登录 | 注册 | 充值 | 退出 | 公司首页 | 繁体中文 | 满意度调查
综合馆
美国在伊拉克的“反叛乱”战略
  • 摘要

    2003年美国以武力推翻伊拉克萨达姆政权之后,伊拉克人的反美斗争与伊内部各派系间的政治斗争交织在一起,伊拉克迅即陷入了一场空前的失序困境.为了实现自身战略利益,达到打造一个亲美、民主、稳定的伊拉克的政治目的,美国重新拾起“反叛乱”战略工具,希望在伊拉克赢得民心并有效地进行国家重建.为此美国在伊拉克实施了一系列“反叛乱”行动项目,包括在伊拉克战争后期的“增兵”战略.不过,由于伊拉克政治局势异常复杂,美国在界定“反叛乱”战略目标上过分树敌,以及美国战略决策层在伊拉克战争中主导性的低成本理念与“反叛乱”行动对资源和投入长期而极大的需求之间存在根本性矛盾,美国在伊拉克“反叛乱”战略实施的长远成效较为有限.

  • 作者

    葛腾飞 

  • 作者单位

    南京国际关系学院国际战略研究中心,南京,210039

  • 刊期

    2013年2期 PKU CSSCI

  • 关键词

    美国  伊拉克战争  "叛乱"  "反叛乱"  战略 

参考文献
  • [1] 葛腾飞,苏听. 美国“反叛乱”理论的发展及其困境. 美国研究, 2012,1
  • [2] 李福泉. 伊拉克萨德尔运动探微. 西亚非洲, 2010,6
  • [3] 孙德刚. 美国在伊拉克军事部署的调整:从刚性基地到柔性存在. 现代国际关系, 2012,2
  • [4] David Galula. Counterinsurgency Warfare:Theory and Practice. New York:Frederick A.Praeger,Inc, 1964
  • [5] Douglas Blaufarb. The Counterinsurgency Era:U.S.Doctrine and Performance. New York:The Free Press, 1977
  • [6] U.S Government. Counterinsurgency Guide,January 2009. www.state.gov/t/pm/ppa/pmppt, 2012-11-10
  • [7] U.S Government. Counterinsurgency Guide. www.state.gov/t/pm/ppa/pmppt, 2012-11-10
  • [8] K.Cragin;P.Chalk. Terrorism and Development:Using Social and Economic Development to Inhibit A Resurgence of Terrorism. Rand, 2003
  • [9] Martin C.Libicki. Byting Back:Regaining Information Superiority against 21st-Century Insurgents. Rand, 2007
  • [10] James S.Corum. Bad Strategies:How Major Powers Fail in Counterinsurgency. Minneapolis,MN:Zenith Press, 2008
  • [11] James S.Corum. Bad Strategies.
  • [12] President discusses war on terror at Fort Hood,12 April 2005.Quoted from Andrew Rathmell, Planning Post-conflict Reconstruction in Iraq:What Can We Learn. INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS, 2005,05
  • [13] John Ehrenberg. The lraq Papers. New York:Oxford University Press, 2010
  • [14] Active Groups:Iraq,Jane's World Insurgency and Terrorism,Issue 34. 2011
  • [15] Anthony Schwarz. Iraq's Militias:The True Threat to Coalition Success in Iraq. Parameters, 2007,01
  • [16] Ahmed Hashim. Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in Iraq. Ithaca:Comell University Press, 2006
  • [17] Headquarters of Department of the Army,FM 3-24,Counterinsurgency. 2006
  • [18] Daniel Marston;Carter Malkasian. Counterinsurgency in Modern Warfare. Oxford:Osprey Publishing, 2008
  • [19] Kalev I.Sepp. Best Practices in Counterinsurgency. Military Review, 2006
  • [20] Daniel Marston;Carter Malkasian. Counterinsurgency in Modern Warfare.
  • [21] Thomas R.Mockaitis. Iraq and the Challenge of Counterinsurgency. Westport,Conn.:Praeger, 2008
  • [22] Bruce R.Pirnie;Edward O'Connell. Counterinsurgency in Iraq (2003-2006). Rand, 2008
  • [23] Headquarters Department of the Army. FM 3-24/MCWP 3-33.5,Counterinsurgency. 2006
  • [24] James S.Corum. Fighting the War on Terror:A Counterinsurgency Strategy. Minneapolis,MN:Zenith Press, 2007
  • [25] Kalev 1.Sepp. Best Practices in Counterinsurgency.
  • [26] Daniel Marston;Carter Malkasian. Counterinsurgency in Modern Warfare.
  • [27] Thomas R.Mockaitis. Iraq and the Challenge of Counterinsurgency.
  • [28] Kimberly Kagan. The Surge:A Military History. New York:Encounter Books, 2009
  • [29] Craig A.Collier. Now That We're Leaving Iraq,What Did We Learn. Military Review, 2010,05
  • [30] Bartle Bull. Mission Accomplished. Prospect, 2007-10-27
  • [31] Dale Andrade. Surging South of Baghdad:The 3 rd Infantry Division and Task Force Marne in Iraq,2007-2008. Washington,D.C.:U.S.Army Center of Military History, 2010
  • [32] John McCain;Joe Lieberman. The Surge Worked. The Wall Street Journal, 2008-01-10
  • [33] Max Boot. The Truth about Iraq's Casualty Count. The Wall Street Journal, 2008-05-03
  • [34] James R.Crider. A View from Inside the Surge. Military Review, 2009,02
  • [35] David Galula. Gounterinsurgency Warfare:Theory and Practice.
  • [36] Austin Long. The Anbar Awakening. SURVIVAL, 2008,02
  • [37] Steven Simon. The Price of the Surge. FOREIGN AFFAIRS, 2008,03
  • [38] Jim Michaels. A Chance in Hell:The Men Who Triumphed Over Iraq's Deadliest City and Turned the Tide of War. New York:St.Martin's, 2010
  • [39] Daniel R.Green. The Fallujah Awakening:A Case Study in Counter-Insurgency. Small Wars and Insurgencies, 2010,04
  • [40] Dick Couch. The Sheriff of Ramadi:Navy SEALs and the Winning of Anbar. Annapolis:Naval Institute Press, 2008
  • [41] Stephen Biddle. Testing the Surge:Why Did Violence Decline in Iraq in 2007.
  • [42] Ned Parker. The Iraq We Left Behind:Welcome to the World's Next Failed State. FOREIGN AFFAIRS, 2012,02
  • [43] David Galula. Pacification in Algeria 1956-1958. RAND, 1963
  • [44] David Galula. Counterinsurgency Warfare:Theory and Practice.
  • [45] Alistair Finlan. Trapped in Dead Ground:U.S.Counterinsurgency Strategy in Iraq. Small Wars and Insurgencies, 2005,01
  • [46] Carter Malkasian;J.Kael Weston. War Downsized:How to Accomplish More With Less. FOREIGN AFFAIRS, 2012,02
  • [47] Stephen Biddle. Testing the Surge:Why Did Violence Decline in Iraq in 2007. INTERNATIONAL SECURITY, 2012,01
  • [48] Daniel Marston;Carter Malkasian. Counterinsurgency in Modern Warfare.
  • [49] W.Shane Story. Transformation or Troop Strength? Early Accounts of the Invasion of Iraq. Army History, 2006
  • [50] James S.Corum. Bad Strategies.
  • [51] Ibid.,pp.196-197.
  • [52] Frederick W.Kagan. Finding the Target:The Transformation of American Military Policy. New York:Encounter Books, 2006
  • [53] Ibid.,pp.287-288.
  • [54] 新华社. 鲁斯兰撰文分析奥巴马"浅痕"军事理论的实践与影响. 参考资料, 2012-11-8
  • [55] 2003年5月,重建与人道主义援助办公室被联军临时权力机构(Goalition Provisional Authority,CPA)所替代,保罗·布雷默(Paul Brememer)大使被任命为美国总统特使,担任负责伊战后政治和经济重建工作的最高文职行政长官.
  • [56] Sir Robert Thompson. Defeating Communist Insurgency. London:Chatto & Windus, 1966
  • [57] Department of the Army. FM3-24,Counterinsurgency. Washington,D.C, 2006
  • [58] 葛腾飞;苏听. 美国"反叛乱"理论的发展及其困境.
  • [59] . http://www.icasualties.org/Iraq/index.aspx, 2012-11-7
  • [60] Documented Civilian Deaths from Violence. http://www.iraqbodycount.org/database/
  • [61] . http://iCasuahies.org/Iraq/index.aspx, 2013-3-12
  • [62] Iraq Index:Track-ing Variables of Reconstruction&Security in Iraq. http://www.brookings.edu/imqindex, 2012
  • [63] Thompson. No Exit From Vietnam. London:Chatto and Windus, 1969
  • [64] John J.McCuen. The Art of Counter-Revolutionary War. London:Faber and Faber, 1966
  • [65] Edward Lansdale. In the Midst of Wars:An American's Mission to Southeast Asia. New York:Fordham University Press, 1991
  • [66] 美国海军陆战队在这次进攻中使用了炮兵、坦克和空中轰炸等传统作战方式,造成了大批逊尼派平民的伤亡.逊尼派将这看成是对其社会的一种攻击,纷纷从其他逊尼派城市涌人费卢杰,叛乱"在逊尼派民众中间得到了普遍支持.这迫使美军以及伊拉克临时政府于4月底结束了第一次费卢杰战役并撤出该地.
  • [67] 扎卡维2006年6月被美军空袭炸死.
  • [68] 小布什总统在2007年1月10日宣布了他的"增兵"新战略,另派2万到2.5万人部队来加强在伊拉克的14万名美国人员,使驻伊美军总数激增至17万,同时还将省级重建小组的规模扩大一倍.为实施增兵战略,布什以彼得雷乌斯取代凯西出任驻伊联军司令.
查看更多︾
相似文献 查看更多>>
54.82.99.169