登录 | 注册 | 充值 | 退出 | 公司首页 | 繁体中文 | 满意度调查
综合馆
从过程理论观点探索我国运动员的退役(Ⅱ)——社会支持与退役教育的构想
  • 摘要

    研究基于运动员退役的过程理论,运用文献综述、实地调查和综合分析等方法,对运动员退役安置的政策变化、退役的有关理论、社会支持,以及退役教育的可行性进行分析讨论.过去有关运动员的退役问题,政府主要是通过政策的倾斜来改善运动员的退役环境,很少从心理调节上去考虑.从社会心理学角度,调查分析运动员的退役心理状态,发现很多问题不容乐观,建议应关注运动员在退役过程中的心理问题,开展运动员退役心理干预教育,以改善运动员退役的心理环境.从退役过程理论的观点看,运动员的退役是一个阶段性发展的结果,心理过程在各个阶段中会直接影响到运动员对退役后的生活评价,引起情绪反应.为了减轻退役过程给运动员带来的负面影响,基于当前的运动员退役理论、社会支持和国外运动员退役教育,建议有关的研究应进一步探讨我国运动员退役服务的教育,开展对运动员退役的深层次问题的探索,为推进我国运动员的退役教育提供更多的理论依据.

  • 作者

    王进  WANG Jin 

  • 作者单位

    浙江大学,教育学院,浙江,杭州,310028

  • 刊期

    2006年8期 PKU CSSCI

  • 关键词

    运动员  退役  心理干预  社会影响  教育 

参考文献
  • [1] 赵锦榕. 我国优秀运动员退役的心理调整因素及对策. 体育科技, 2002,1
  • [2] 2004年度注册运动员名单. http:∥www.sport.gov.cn/show_info.php?n_id=6430
  • [3] STAMBULOVA N B. Athlete's Crises:A Developmental Perspective. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 2000
  • [4] CECIC E. Athletic Identity and Adjustment to Sport Career Termination and to Post-sport Life Among Slovenian Athletes. Skiathos:Christodoulidi, 2001
  • [5] PETITPAS A;CORNELIUS A E;BREWER B W. Identifying and Using Transferable Skills. Skiathos:Christodoulidi, 2001
  • [6] SCHLOSSBERG N K. A Model for Analyzing Human Adaptation to Transition. The Counseling Psy, 1981,02
  • [7] SCHLOSSBERG N K;WATERS E B;GOODMAN J. Counseling Adults in Transition:Linking Practice with Theory. New York:Springer-Verlag, 1995
  • [8] ERPI S C;WYLLEMAN P;ZUPAN M. The Effect of Athletic and Non-athletic Factors on the Sports Career Termination Process. Psy Sport Exe, 2004,01
  • [9] WYLLEMAN P;ALFERMANN D;LAVALLEE D. Career Transitions in Sport:European Perspectives. Psy Sport Exe, 2004,01
  • [10] LAVALLEE D;WYLLEMAN P. Career Transitions in Sport:International Perspectives. Morgantown,WV:Fitness Information Technology, 2000
  • [11] 虞重干. 社会主义市场经济条件下,解决退役运动员安置问题的观念、思路与对策. 1997
  • [12] TORREGROSA B V;CRUZ A. Elite Athletes' Image of Retirement:The Way to Relocation in Sport. Psy Sport Exe, 2004,01
  • [13] GTOBR J;LAVALLEE S;GORDON S. Accountmaking:A Model for Understanding and Resolving Distressful Reactions to Retirement from Sport. Sport Psychologist, 1998,12
  • [14] BLOOM B S. Developing Talent in Young People. New York:Ballantine, 1985
  • [15] STAMBULOVA N B. Athlete's Crises:A Developmental Perspective. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 2000
  • [16] WYLLEMAN P;LAVALLEE D;ALFERMANN D. Career Transitions in Competitive Sports. Lund:European Federation of Sport Psychology FEPSAC, 1999
  • [17] MURPHY S M. Sport Psychology Interventions. USA:Human Kinetics, 1995
  • [18] ANDERSON D;MORRIS T. Athlete Lifestyle Programs. Morgantown,WV:Fitness Information Technology, 2000
  • [19] MIHOVILOVIC M. The Status of Former Sportsmen. International Review Sport Soc, 1968,03
  • [20] SINCLAIR D A;ORLICK T. Positive Transitions from Highperformance Sport. Sport Psychologist, 1993,07
  • [21] GORDON S. Career Transitions in Competitive Sport. Brisbane:Jacaranda Wiley, 1995
  • [22] KUBLER-ROSS E. On Death and Dying. New York:Macmillan Publication Company, 1969
  • [23] TAYLOR J;OGILVIE B C. Career Transition Among Elite Athletes:Is There Life After Sports?. Mountain View:Mayfield, 1998
  • [24] PARKER K B. Has-beens'and'wanna-bes':Transition Experiences of Former Major College Football Players. Sport Psychologist, 1994,08
  • [25] SINCLAIR D A;ORLICK T. The Effects of Transition on High Performance Sport. Frankfurt:Lang, 1994
  • [26] KERR G;DACYSHYN A. The Retirement Experiences of Elite,Female Gymnasts. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 2000,12
  • [27] PETITPAS A;DANISH S;MCKELVAIN R. A Career Assistance Program for Elite Athletes. Journal of Counseling and Development, 1992
  • [28] ANDERSON D;FLANAGAN J. The Athlete Career Education Program. Thessaloniki:Christodoulidi Publications, 2001
  • [29] BARDAXOGLOU N. Mental Strategies Used after the Life Line Inventory. Netanya:Wingate Institute for Physical Education and Sport, 1997
  • [30] CHAMALIDIS P. Career Transitions of Male Champions. Brussels:European Federation Sports Psy, 1995
  • [31] 国家体育总局人事司. 全国体育人事工作调研报告. 2002
  • [32] LAVALLEE D;GORELY T;LAVALLEE R M. Career Development Programs for Athletes. Camberwell,Vic:Australian Council for Educational Research Press, 2001
  • [33] TAYLOR J;OGILVIE B C. A Conceptual Model of Adaptation to Retirement Among Athletes. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 1994,06
  • [34] WERTHNER P;ORLICK T. Retirement Experiences of Successful Olympic Athletes. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 1986
  • [35] PARKER K B. Has-beens' and 'wanna-bes':Transition Experiences of Former Major College Football Players. Sport Psychologist, 1994,08
  • [36] STEVEN U. Olympic Athletes' Transition from Sport to Workplace. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1997,03
  • [37] CHOW B C. Support for Elite Athletes Retiring from Sport:The Case in Hong Kong. Journal of Health Physical Edu Recre Sport Dance, 2002,01
  • [38] MURPHY S M. Transition in Competitive Sport:Maximzing individual potential. Champaign,IL:Human Kinetics, 1995
  • [39] COAKLEY J J. Leaving Competitive Sport:Retirement or Rebirth?. Quest, 1983
  • [40] ALFERMANN D. Career Transtitions of Elite Athletes:Dropout and Retirement. Brussels FEPSAC:European Feferation of Sports Psychology, 1995
  • [41] 王秉尧. 对我国退役运动员安置问题的思考. 上海体育学院学报, 1998,04
  • [42] LAVALLEE D;ANDERSEN M B. Leaving Sport:Easing Career Transitions. Champaign,IL:Human Kinetics, 2000
  • [43] 王进;丛湖平;钟璞. 我国运动员退役教育的研究. 北京:人民体育出版社;国家体育总局政策法规司, 2006
  • [44] ALFERMANN D;STAMBULOVA N;ZEMAITYTE A. Reactions to Sport Career Terminations:A Croo-national Comparison of German,Lithuanian,and Russian Athletes. Psy Sport Exe, 2004,01
  • [45] TAYLOR J;OGILVIE B C. Career Termination Among Athletes. New York:Wiley, 2001
  • [46] PETITPAS A;BREWER B W;RAALTE J L. Transitions of the Student-athlete:Theoretical,Empirical,and Practical Perspectives. Morgantown,WV:Fitness Information Technology, 1996
  • [47] LAVALLEE D. Theoretical Perspectives on Career Transitions in Sport. Morgantown:Fitness Information Technology, 2000
  • [48] 举重冠军举不起自己,体制之弊?. http://news.china.com/zh_cn/focus/gjcz
查看更多︾
相似文献 查看更多>>
3.90.56.90