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美国对海底权利的诉求与国内利益的平衡——以海底界限的争论为中心(1969~1972)
  • 摘要

    美国海底政策的出台在很大程度上取决于国内利益的平衡.本文从政府部门间、利益集团闻及部门机构与利益集团闻相互博弈的角度,对影响美国海洋政策转向的因素进行探讨.文章认为,1945年<杜鲁门公告>是美国首次海底权利声明,在美国国内引起了关于是否扩展大陆架权利的争论.从美国政府内部关于宽狭大陆架界限的分歧到利益集团关于经济利益与军事利益的争论,其中的分歧或趋同主导了尼克松政府在海底界限问题上的两次政策转向.最终美国将海底问题交由联合国,回归国际海洋体系.这反映出美国国内部门、集团利益在美国海洋决策中的地位和作用.

  • 作者

    王金强  王蔚  Wang Jinqiang  Wang Wei 

  • 作者单位

    复旦大学国际关系与公共事务学院/上海政法学院政治系

  • 刊期

    2008年3期 PKU CSSCI

  • 关键词

    美国外交  海洋体系  海底权利  海底委员会 

参考文献
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