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面向移动目标追踪的无线传感器网络QoS指标体系设计
  • 摘要

    无线传感器网络(Wireless Sensor Network,WSN)中服务质量(Quality of Service,QoS)的控制目的在于缩减受限资源的开销,它能够最大程度地提高网络的整体性能,延长网络寿命.针对WSN的QoS设计与评价体系因其庞杂的应用场景而难以统一.文中面向移动目标追踪这类特定的应用场合,讨论WSN的QoS指标体系设计.在WSN框架内,现有的面向移动目标追踪的研究更多的是把关注和改进的焦点放在定位和预测的精度上,忽视了由追踪任务本质属性决定的多项必然QoS要求之间的耦合与权衡,单一、片面强调精度的QoS分析对于复杂动态的网络系统来说是欠全面的.文中将基于WSN的移动目标追踪事件按照信息流顺序及数据处理特点,划分成4个任务模块:节点部署、节点选择、数据传输和分布式协作处理算法,并在综合3项QoS指标(即精度、时延、网络生存寿命)的总框架下,依次对各个任务模块中的映射QoS分指标及其支撑架构和现有协议进行阐述,并由此提出基于反馈和跨层设计的QoS保障机制.

  • 作者

    俞靓  王志波  骆吉安  孙喜策  王智  YU Jing  WANG Zhi-Bo  LUO Ji-An  SUN Xi-Ce  WANG Zhi 

  • 作者单位

    浙江大学工业控制技术国家重点实验室,杭州,310027

  • 刊期

    2009年3期 ISTIC EI PKU

  • 关键词

    服务质量  无线传感器网络  精度  时延  网络寿命  目标追踪 

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