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青少年吸烟的发展及动机基础
  • 摘要

    吸烟是导致死亡、发病和成瘾性失调的一个主要原因.研究表明,尼古丁不仅是烟草成瘾的一个要素,而且它能产生同成瘾性药物一样的效应.青少年吸烟与生理依赖的发展、种族、冲动性、情感障碍和同伴影响等因素有关.并且毫无疑问,这些因素的影响随着个体差异和吸烟发展的阶段而变化.证据表明,一旦对吸烟产生依赖,吸烟动机会受到脱瘾症状的减少,减轻压力的期望,条件强化以及刺激物的诱因作用的强烈影响.

  • 作者

    张金秀  许加明  ZHANG Jinxiu  XU Jiaming 

  • 作者单位

    西南师范大学心理学院,重庆,400715

  • 刊期

    2005年6期

  • 关键词

    吸烟动机  成瘾  药物应用  尼古丁  依赖性 

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