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地震经济损失评估研究综述
  • 摘要

    地震经济损失评估是地震风险分析研究的重要组成部分,也是政府制定地震风险防范管理措施的基础和依据,因此如何准确评估地震造成的经济损失,具有重要的理论和现实意义.文章回顾了国内外地震经济损失评估研究的发展进程,对地震造成的直接经济损失、间接经济损失的评估方法进行了概括和总结,并通过分析指出运用模型评估时存在的困难和以待解决的问题.从总体上来看,国内外对于地震直接经济损失的研究均已形成了较为稳定的、系统的评估方法,但仍然存在无法整合社会经济这一整体进行评估的不足;而在间接经济损失评估时由于涉及领域广泛、受影响时间较长、各经济体间联系复杂等原因,很难得出较为精准的结果,因而其评估方法也仍然处于探索和研究之中.文章最后展望了今后地震经济损失评估研究的发展方向.

  • 作者

    叶珊珊  翟国方  YE Shanshan  ZHAI Guofang 

  • 作者单位

    南京大学城市与区域规划系,南京,210093

  • 刊期

    2010年6期 ISTIC PKU

  • 关键词

    地震经济损失  直接经济损失评估方法  间接经济损失评估方法 

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