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综合馆
体育运动心理学中的情绪研究
  • 摘要

    <心境状态量表>,即POMS,是人们在对体育领域中的情绪问题进行研究时最经常使用的测量工具.在对使用POMS进行情绪研究的文献进行综合分析后,分别从情绪与操作成绩之间的关系、赛前情绪对运动成绩的预测功能和体育活动对情绪的调节作用等不同方面进行了综述.研究表明:情绪反应可以用来区分运动员和非运动员,前者表现出了比后者更积极的情绪状态;只有在考虑了练习类型、持续时间和被试个人特点等变量之后,赛前情绪才有可能较为准确的预测运动成绩;恰当的体育练习有助于改善情绪状态.

  • 作者

    李今亮 

  • 作者单位

    北京体育大学,北京,100084

  • 刊期

    2002年4期 PKU CSSCI

  • 关键词

    情绪  心境状态量表(POMS)  冰山剖面图 

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